A "spiritual dive inside nature."
What is Dewa Sanzan?
Dewa Sanzan 出羽三山 is the collective name given to the "Three Sacred Mountains of Dewa" — Mt. Haguro, Mt. Gassan, and Mt. Yudono. It has been a pilgrimage site for religious practitioners of ‘Shugendo’ for more than 1400 years. Shugendo 修験道 (in Japanese: "the Way of the Harsh Training”) is derived from Esoteric Buddhism practices; it includes principles from both the Shinto religion and Taoism and is strongly linked to Japan's original spirituality that centers on the worship of mountains. The practitioners of Shugendo are called Yamabushi 山伏 ("those who retreat in the mountains").
The Dewa Sanzan is one of the Three Main Sites of Shugendo in Japan (日本三大修験道), designated sacred in 593 by the legendary Prince Hachiko. In addition to being central for mountain-worshipping religious practices in the Tohoku region, the religious tensions between Mt. Yudono and Mt. Haguro led to the emergence of the Sokushinbutsu mummies phenomenon in the Shingon Buddhist temples of Mt. Yudono. Sokushinbutsu are mummies of Shingon Buddhist monks who committed to harsh practices in order to mummify their own bodies. This was done in an effort to become Buddhas themselves.The separation between Shinto and Buddhism—ordered by the Meiji Government in 1868—led to multiple transformations within Dewa Sanzan's Shugendo practice and its architecture.
Despite those transformations, Dewa Sanzan's practice of Shugendo has been continuous for the past 1400 years. Even today, you can attend Yamabushi rites performed by Yamabushi priests, and even interact with them.
The three sacred mountains of Dewa
Despite being the smallest of the three mountains, Haguro boasts the Five-Storied Pagoda, a National Treasure, the long stairway of 2446 stone steps, and the Dewa Sanzan Shrine
The legendary mountain that is said to have been opened by Prince Hachiko. Come see its National Treasure: the Five-Storied Pagoda and much more!
Culminating at 1984 meters above the sea level, it is the highest of the Dewa Sanzan mountains and one of the most beautiful hikes.
Mt. Yudono was the last mountain to have become a part of "The Dewa Sanzan". It led to the emergence of many sokushinbutsu mummies.
Japan Heritage Brochure
Dewa Sanzan tours
Yamabushi guided tours
Shojin Ryori Class with Chef Ito
Spiritual hike in Mt. yudono
The Journey of Rebirth:
Yamabushi monks of the Dewa Sanzan undertake the ‘three sacred mountains' pilgrimage to become reborn into a new “self.”
They consider nature to be a “mother," and forests in particular to act as a maternal womb, allowing the pilgrims to experience a wiser, more awakened life.
You, too, can take the journey of rebirth by hiking in the mountains—either alone, or accompanied by a Yamabushi monk from the Dewa Sanzan shrine.
This pilgrimage path is 44km. long! You'll need 3 days to walk it all! So we recommend to divide your hiking experience in several parts. Ask our local guides what's the best itinerary for you.
Yudono's Yamabushi path
This path is very dangerous. We recommend that you be accompanied by one of our Yamabushi guides or to exercise extreme caution when either crossing the river or climbing up ladders.